What is obsessive compulsive disorder?
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (DSM-5) characterizes Compulsive Disorder (OCD) as the presence of repetitive and persistent thoughts or urges (obsessions) as well as rigid and repetitive behaviors or acts that an individual performs in response to the obsession (compulsions). Just over 2% of the US population is diagnosed with OCD during their lives, with most symptoms beginning during childhood, or young adulthood.
Signs and Symptoms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Most people have occasional compulsive behaviors or obsessive thoughts, but symptoms of OCD typically last for more than an hour each day and interfere with daily functioning.
Obsessions: Intrusive, irrational thoughts or impulses that repeatedly occur. While individuals know these thoughts are irrational, they fear they may be true. For example, they may have thoughts about harming or having harmed someone or have doubts about doing something such as locking a door or turning off a stove.
Compulsions: Repetitive actions that temporarily relieve the stress that is brought on by an obsession. Individuals with compulsions feel they must perform their rituals to relieve anxiety, and for some to prevent something bad from happening. Examples might include washing their hands due to a fear of germs or counting or recounting money for fear they added it incorrectly.
How We Treat Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
For individuals who have an eating disorder, intrusive thoughts and compulsive actions are often centered around food and weight. We understand this and provide effective treatment for both the eating disorder and the obsessive compulsive disorder. The comprehensive treatment provided by the Toledo Center for Eating Disorders helps clients to reduce the obsessive thoughts as well as compulsive behaviors, while at the same time help them identify and address the issues surrounding their eating disorder.
Our individualized treatment plan includes approaches such as:
- Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
- Exposure Therapy (several different forms)
- Distress Tolerance
- Motivational Interviewing and Goal Setting