Exposure and response prevention therapy (ERP) was designed with the belief that by exposing someone to something they fear continuously, then their anxiety over it will decrease over time. ERP takes place in two parts at the same time:
- Exposure – exposing someone to something they fear
- Response – preventing someone from reacting a certain way because of that fear
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) forms the general basis for exposure and response prevention therapy. In CBT, clients are taught to change their thinking pattern, which in turn changes their actions. With ERP, clients are exposed to their fears and anxieties which in turn changes their reactions to them.
Exposure and responsive prevention therapy has proven to be effective in treating not only eating disorders, but also
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Substance Use Disorders